The Hermitage Museum or the State Hermitage is a museum of art and culture. It is located in Saint Pertersburg, which is a beautiful city of Russia. The Hermitage Museum is among the oldest as well as the largest museums in the world that was founded by Catherine the Great in the year 1764. It was opened to the public in 1852. The museum is home to approximately 3 million items that includes the largest collection of the paintings in the world.
Out of 3 million items, the museum has kept only a small portion of them on the permanent display. The collections engage a large complex of 6 historical buildings along with the Palace Embankment. With this, the collections also occupy the Winter Palace, which is a former residence of the Czars of Russia. The museum is very big and is a wonderful example of architectural excellence. This museum is also home to other structures like Menshikov Palace, Museum of Porcelain, eastern wing of the General Staff Building, the Storage Facility at Staraya Derevnya, and the eastern wing of the General Staff Building.
The museum also has many exhibition centers abroad. Among all of the six buildings of the main museum complex, four complexes that are named as Winter Palace, Small Hermitage, New Hermitage, and Old Hermitage, remains partially open to the public. Apart from this, the other two complexes are Hermitage Theatre and Reserve House. To enter the museum, the tickets for foreign tourists cost several times more as compared to the fee paid by the Russian citizens. Well, on the first Thursday of each month, you do not have to pay any entrance fee. All of the visitors can enter and explore the museum free of cost. The museum is free for students and children everyday.
One thing you should know is that the museum remains shut on every Monday. From the Palace Embankment or from the Courtyard, you can enter into the Winter Palace. The long array of the buildings simply looks so stunning that no one can escape without watching the architectural work that continuous for some time. Initially, all the collections were kept in the Small Hermitage Complex. However today, the museum covers many buildings that lie on the Palace Embankment and its nearby areas. The Hermitage recently has stretched its area to the General Staff Building, which is on the Palace Square and can be seen in front of the Menshikov Palace and the Winter Palace.
All the collections in the museum are divided into Egyptian antiquities, classical antiquities, prehistoric art, Jewelry and decorative art, Italian Renaissance, Italian and Spanish fine art, Knight’s Hall, Dutch Golden Age and Flemish Baroque, German and French fine art, Russian art, and Neoclassical, Impressionist, and the post-Impressionist art. The reflection of this beautiful museum can be found sparkling in the water that flows across it, making the Hermitage Museum unique and special.