What is high blood pressure (Hypertension)?



What is high blood pressure (Hypertension)?
Manometer indicates the amount of pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries that are moving from the heart to other parts of the body. In some cases, the blood cannot easily pass through the arteries as a result of being infected and Tadhagaha sclerosis, and in these cases will increase pressure in order to ensure continuity of passage blood through the affected arteries, and this is what is called a disease of high blood pressure.
The following situations increase the risk of serious problems related to high blood pressure:
– smoking
– high level of cholesterol in the blood
– overweight
– diabetes

Therapeutic feeding goals:
Determine the amount of sodium in food to prevent congestion of fluid (edema Edema) and to allow for the disposal of excess fluid in the body.

1. hypertensive patients
2. congestion associated liquids diseases, chronic heart and circulatory disease, liver and kidney in the case of pre-eclampsia (Altoxemia)

Sodium is the main metal ion in the blood plasma fluids outside the cells is the most important functions to balance the osmotic pressure between the inside and outside of cells and is a component about sodium (0.4) of the molecule weight of salt (sodium chloride) and up salt to our food through:
1. Added salt in the cooking process
2. Table salt

Lifestyle modification and treatment of high blood pressure:
– reduce the sodium salt in your diet, and follow a diet S
– achieve healthy weight and maintain it
– exercise regularly
– quit smoking
– abstain from alcohol

To restrict sodium in food must be assessed quantity eaten normally, which may not be less than 4-6 g / day, and then restrict the amount of sodium by the health status of the patient in terms of severity of the disease and its effect on fluid retention in the body, the doctor determines then the amount of sodium allowed per day.

There are four degrees of restriction in the amount of sodium:
The first restriction light of sodium, which allows to eat no more than 3000 mg / day, equivalent to (7500) mg sodium chloride (table salt) here is sufficient to exclude table salt and add salt only to foods cooked very simple by (4 / 1 regular quantity) and prevents eating pickled and cured meats and pickled and cheese of all kinds (except salt-free), nuts and similar foods rich in salt.

The second restriction is average or moderate sodium so that the daily diet contains no more than (2000) mg sodium equivalent to 5000 mg salt in addition to the above instructions follow the following:
– prevents adding salt to foods cooked
– identifies milk and dairy intake to two cups / day
– prevents eating mayonnaise, mustard, ketchup and canned foods

Third: severe restriction of sodium so that the daily diet contains no more than 1,000 mg sodium equivalent (2500 mg salt).
In addition to the instructions above, we need to avoid foods with a high content relatively sodium such as meat does not increase consumption for (4-5 ounces / day) and eggs (no more than one egg per day) and milk (not adjacent amount 2 cups / day) and high vegetable content of sodium Calclq, spinach and beets (1 ounce / day), salt-free bread is used.
Does not allow the implementation of this system in the home must be a patient at the hospital as well as in selected food specifically for harsh sodium (fourth degree).


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