Medical doctors make a distinction between type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Although the second classification is more prevalent, type 1 diabetes should be equally noted because even if both types of diabetes have similar symptoms and complications, the first type is considered more delicate, especially if poorly managed.
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a condition where the sugar levels present in the blood are excessively high. For a type 1 diabetes, the cause of the heightened sugar levels can either be the very minimal production by the pancreas of necessary insulin, or perhaps, when the organ doesn’t produce any insulin at all. Insulin is an essential hormone used by the body to convert glucose or blood sugar into energy.
The release of insulin by the pancreas is necessary to keep the level of blood sugar in balance. When insufficient levels of insulin are released into the blood to effectively drive the glucose-sugar levels down to healthy levels, there can be dangerous health consequences. This is the condition known as diabetes and there are multiple other potential related complications, such as heart disease, obesity and more.
Type 1diabetes can be acquired from the moment of birth
This means that the genetic tendency for the immune system to inhibit the proper functioning of the pancreas can be inherited. It is also a lifelong concern with no absolute treatment. Hence, it results to a lifetime of insulin dependency. Treatment may also be limited only to the condition’s proper management or relief of its symptoms.
Certainly, paying a high degree of attention to proper lifestyle choices, such as good nutrition and physical fitness are the primary weapons against both type1 and type2 diabetes. This should provide the diabetic patient with the highest level of motivation to maintain discipline and healthy lifestyle choices.
You might eventually think that a possible solution for diabetes is to inhibit the body from accepting sugar or glucose. But that won’t be possible because blood sugar is mainly sourced from the food that you regularly eat. Glucose is also a primary nutrient or fuel for the brain and to some degree all of the body cells, so going without it is not an option.
The Symptoms of Type1 Diabetes
After answering the question on what is type1 diabetes, you need to get familiarized with the following symptoms:
- Excessive and frequent feelings of thirst and hunger. There’s usually that natural tendency for the body to ask for water after eating sugary or sweet foods. This also holds true if there are excessive levels of sugar in the bloodstream. On the other hand, since there is less insulin that converts sugar into energy, the body will crave more food to compensate for the depleted energy reserve.
- Sudden and unexplained weight loss
- More frequent feelings of fatigue, stress, tiredness, and irritation
- And the blurring of vision. This is because even the fluids existing and essential in the eyes, can be pulled by the body just to dilute that thick sugar consistency in the blood.
What is the difference between type 1 and 2 diabetes
The next question that you might ask is: what is the distinction between these two types of diabetes? The foremost difference can be inferred from the answer to what is the cause of type 1 diabetes?
In type1 diabetes, the pancreas doesn’t produce insulin at all or perhaps, producing at a very minimal rate. It can be attributed to purely genetic, autoimmune or idiopathic factors. On the other hand, type 2 diabetes is characterized by the insufficient production of insulin or the abnormality of how the body reacts and makes use of this hormone. If type1 is attributed mainly to genetic and autoimmune factors, type2 has varying and multiple causes. Type2 diabetes can be connected to the genes, existing health problems like obesity, unhealthy lifestyle, metabolic problems and all other internal and external factors.
Managing Type 1 Diabetes
As explained above, there is no absolute treatment for diabetes. In fact, the concept of a pancreas transplant is still considered an extreme or a very remote, if not an impossible solution. Thus, medical doctors can only prescribe lifetime insulin medications plus the proper method of managing diabetes. And part of effectively managing the disease is the observance of healthier and selective diabetic recipes or menus.
source: What Is Type 1 Diabetes