Colon cancer may be common during these times but medical science has proven that it is still treatable especially when it is in its early stage. Treatment for colon cancer may be dependent of some factors like the overall health of the cancer patient, age and the stage of the cancer.
There are several options in the treatment for colon cancer; we have the chemotherapy, radiation therapy, surgery and the targeted therapies. This treatment options can be done at the same time or one following the other depending on the severity and stage of the cancer.
Chemotherapy is often used in cancer patients. It fights cancer by giving medical drugs to the patients. These drugs can be given orally or letting it pass through the veins so that the drugs can easily be distributed all over the body through the bloodstream. This treatment is normally done before any medical surgeries to lessen the size of the cancer cells and after a surgery is done to help the patients manage the symptoms of the cancer. Just like any other treatment for colon cancer, chemotherapy has some side effects like gradual loss of hair, lowering the immune system, causing vomiting due to nausea, experiencing severe diarrhea and loss of appetite, causing rashes in the hands and feet, mouth sores and it will also cause the patient to bruise easily.
Radiation therapy is the process of killing off the cancer cells using the high energy rays just like the one being used during an x-ray. This is normally used when a cancer cell is attached to a person’s internal organ. It is given after a surgical process to kill of any cells that were possibly left behind or those cancer cells that were not removed. There are two types of radiation therapy used for the treatment of colon cancer. The two types are external-beam radiation therapy and the Brachytherapy also known as internal radiation therapy. Both methods are of great help to the patients.
A targeted therapy is the process of giving drugs specifically to target the cancer cell only. The cells that are non-cancerous would not be affected by this type of drug.
Surgery is the general treatment of colon cancer in its early stage. This surgical process is called colectomy but isalso called as segmental resection. Normally the surgery is done by making incisions in the belly to remove the part that has the cancerous cells.
Recovery of a patient after undergoing the treatment for colon cancer may depend on the stage of the cancer and the severity of the spread of the cancer cells, the state of the colon, if there were cells that were not removed after the surgical process, recurrences of the cancer cells and the total state of health of the patient. Before going through any treatment it is recommended to ask questions from your doctor, explore the treatment options available for you and the possible side effects. Having a good understanding on one’s health would help remove unnecessary fears of a patient to undergo treatment.