Types of Hypertension


Medical terms referring to the different types of hypertension usually reflect the organs and blood vessels directly affected by presence of high blood pressu

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary hypertension indicates that abnormally high blood pressure exists in the pulmonary arteries transporting blood from the heart into the lungs. Primary pulmonary hypertension means the same condition exists, but with a difference in that that no known cause is readily apparent for the development of this serious disease.


Other technical descriptions used to describe high blood pressure affecting both the heart and lungs include:

  • Secondary pulmonary hypertension
  • Pulmonary arterial hypertension
  • Mild pulmonary hypertension
  • Pulmonary artery hypertension
  • Persistent pulmonary hypertension

Renal Hypertension

Renal hypertension and renovascular hypertension pertain to high blood pressure resulting from damaged arteries no longer capable of transporting blood to kidneys. Also referred to as renal artery stenosis, these types of hypertension usually originate in the development of atherosclerosis and narrowing of arteries vital to kidney function. Individuals diagnosed with renal hypertension may also suffer from stage 2 hypertension due to an unhealthy lifestyle of poor diet, lack of exercise, smoking, alcoholism or drug abuse.

Intracranial Hypertension

Intercranial hypertension (IH) involves the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure that effectively cushions the brain from the skull and provides vital nutrients facilitating brain functioning. IH has many causes, ranging from strokes to infectious diseases to certain medications coercing a rise in CSF pressure.

Benign intracranial hypertension resembles IH and even presents similar symptoms of pulsating noises within the ears, headache and double vision. However, the cause for BIH is not known. The condition primarily affects women who are between 20 and 50 years old.

Portal Hypertension

Portal hypertension concerns high blood pressure affecting the portal venous system. This condition primarily causes damage to the liver. One of the main reasons for individuals to suffer this disease is when cirrhosis of the liver develops, destroying the ability of the liver to clean the blood.

Labile Hypertension

While labile hypertension, also known as paroxysmal hypertension, is sometimes associated with tumors destroying the chromaffin cells comprising the adrenal glands, it can also affect individuals who suffer from white coat hypertension. People who become uncontrollably nervous just by entering a doctor’s office often experience a sudden rise in blood pressure that shows up in blood pressure readings taken that day.

Other Types of Hypertension

Most types of hypertension compromise the integrity of the heart and its surrounding arteries, veins and capillaries. Medical expressions describing other high blood pressure conditions are:

  • Malignant hypertension
  • Diastolic blood pressure
  • Systolic blood pressure
  • Isolated systolic hypertension
  • Systolic hypertension
  • Mild hypertension
  • Essential hypertension
  • Primary hypertension
  • Orthostatic hypertension or postural hypertension
  • Benign hypertension
  • Arterial hypertension
  • Secondary hypertension
  • Accelerated hypertension
  • Systemic hypertension
  • Resistant hypertension
  • Pediatric hypertension

High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy

Postpartum hypertension, gestational hypertension and simple pregnancy-induced hypertension are all forms of high blood pressure during pregnancy. Because all medical conditions experienced by the mother directly affect the baby, doctors become extremely concerned when hypertension in pregnancy occurs.

When presented together, pregnancy and high blood pressure often indicate a condition called preeclampsia, which, if not treated immediately, may result in miscarriage and serious complications for the mother. During pregnancy, high blood pressure tends to elevate slightly due to weight gain and hormonal actions preparing the mother’s body for successful carrying and giving birth to a baby. Obstetricians need to perform regular monitoring of high blood pressure and pregnancy evaluations every month to ensure a healthy and complication-free delivery.

By knowing that many types of hypertension exist, doctors can implement effective treatment plans and medications intended to alleviate symptoms and prevent any further internal damage. When individuals adhere to diet and exercise programs, take their medications as instructed and follow all of their doctor’s orders, most hypertension conditions remain controlled and will offer good to excellent prognoses.